Experienced brain injury attorneys in Valparaiso & Merrillville, Indiana

Sarkisian Law Offices serve clients from our home state of Indiana, as well as neighboring Illinois residents.

If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury, there may be severe and long-lasting effects that can require extensive medical treatment.

Law firm in Indiana that helps with brain injury victims

Often, this type of injury is not always properly treated or diagnosed. Mild to moderate brain injuries are not detected 100% of the time; sometimes, the symptoms take time to manifest, well after the victim has left the doctor’s office.

To protect your personal and family interests, retaining the services of a strong, dedicated personal injury lawyer is crucial to the outcome of your case.

If you or a loved one has sustained a brain injury, contact one of our brain injury attorneys for a free initial consultation to determine the extent of your claim.

Types of Brain Injuries

Brain injuries are generally divided into two categories: acute or traumatic brain injuries, and acquired brain injuries.

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries happen suddenly, often as the result of trauma to the head.


  • A contusion results from direct impact to the head 
  • The result of this impact is bleeding in the brain, essentially a “bruise” on the brain
  • Mild contusions will often resolve on their own; however, large contusions occasionally need to be removed by a neurosurgeon


  • A concussion is one of the most common types of brain injuries
  • A concussion can be caused by several things, including:
    • Direct force to the head
    • Shaking of the brain inside the skull, such as during a car accident or in “shaken baby syndrome”
  • Closed and open head injuries can cause concussions
  • A concussion victim may or may not experience a loss of consciousness after the injury
  • A concussion doesn’t always show up on diagnostic imaging
  • Concussions usually take between 2-3 months to heal, but can take up to several years depending on the severity of the initial injury

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Coup-Contrecoup Brain Injury

  • This type of brain injury is characterized by a contusion on one side of the brain, coupled with a contusion on the exact opposite side of the brain 
  • This type of traumatic brain injury happens when the brain moves away from the impact that caused the first contusion and slams into the other side of the skull, causing the second contusion

Diffuse Axonal Brain Injury

  • Strong rotational forces are the cause of a diffuse axonal brain injury. Car accidents commonly result in this type of brain injury
  • This injury occurs when the brain does not move fast enough to keep up with the skull and nerve tissue tears
  • Depending on the location of the diffuse axonal injury, victims can be at risk for severe and permanent brain damage, coma and death

Acquired Brain Injuries

Acquired brain injuries are the result of strokes, hypoxia, tumors, near drowning and other similar events.

Hypoxic Brain Injury

  • A hypoxic brain injury occurs when the brain is deprived of blood flow and oxygen for a period of time
  • This types of brain injury occurs frequently during birth; in those cases it may be considered a birth injury

Anoxic Brain Injury

  • An anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain is deprived of any oxygen for a period of time
  • An anoxic brain injury can often be more serious than a hypoxic brain injury, because the brain needs oxygen at all times to survive

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Brain Injury Levels

Brain injuries are generally graded on a scale to determine if they are mild, moderate or severe. The severity of the brain injury directly impacts the symptoms that the victim experiences, as well as the victim’s overall prognosis.

Mild Brain Injury

  • A mild brain injury may or may not appear on diagnostic imaging and may or may not produce symptoms right away 
  • Mild brain injuries may or may not result in the loss of consciousness
  • Generally speaking, a mild brain injury is diagnosed when the patient has confusion, mental fogginess, or other symptoms at the time of an injury

Moderate Brain Injury

  • A moderate brain injury is most often characterized by a loss of consciousness that can last from hours to several days 
  • Victims with a moderate brain injury will usually experience behavioral, mental and even physical symptoms

Severe Brain Injury

  • Severe brain injuries are serious and are more likely to result in permanent disability or death 
  • These types of injuries can increase a victim’s risk of developing conditions, like Parkinson’s Disease or Alzheimer’s, later in life

Brain Injury Symptoms

While not all brain injury victims will experience symptoms at all or right away, there are many symptoms that brain injury victims do experience, including:

Physical Symptoms

  • Bodily weakness
  • Coordination problems
  • Seizures
  • Problems with balance
  • Changes in the ability to taste or smell

Mental Symptoms

  • Confusion
  • Inability to remember things
  • Frequently becoming distracted
  • Decreased awareness of reality

Behavioral SymptomsValparaiso Brain Injury Attorneys

  • Impulsive
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Quick to anger
  • Problems keeping relationships with other people

Personality Symptoms

  • Argues frequently
  • Attempts to manipulate people
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Denial

Social Symptoms

  • Inappropriate social behavior
  • Inability to make eye contact with others
  • Lying
  • Interrupting others when they are speaking

Verbal Symptoms

  • Speech problems
  • Monotone speaking
  • Vulgarity
  • Broken speech

Contact Sarkisian Law Offices Today

If you or a loved one have suffered a brain injury, it is important that you reach out to an experienced brain injury lawyer as soon as possible. You may be eligible for compensation.

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At Sarkisian Law Offices, we have the expertise and resources to passionately advocate for you to receive the full and fair compensation you deserve for your suffering. 

Contact us today to schedule a consultation to discuss your legal needs by calling (219) 942-7171 or (219) 477-3998. We are available now to speak with you regarding your case.